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Vanbandhu Kalyan Yojana- About
VKY a strategic process. It aims at creating enabling environment for need based and outcome oriented holistic development of the tribal people.This process envisages to ensure that all the intended benefits of goods and services under various programmes/schemes of Central as well as State Governments actually reach the target groups by convergence of resources through appropriate institutional mechanism.
Scheduled Tribes (STs) account for 8.6% of the total population of the country (Census, 2011) constituting 10.45 crore people with nearly 705 communities/groups with 75 tribal communities/groups being vulnerable called Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs). Nearly 75% of the Scheduled Tribes communities live in Central India, highest in the State of Madhya Pradesh followed by Maharashtra etc. North Eastern States account for about 10% of the total Scheduled Tribes population.
Objectives of VKY Yojana
Tribal development has been a challenge to the planners and the policy makers since independence. This is mainly on account of their traditional life styles, remoteness of habitations, dispersed population and displacement. Central and State Governments have been taking various initiatives for socio-economic upliftment of tribal population of the country. This includes the Tribal Sub Plan (TSP) Strategy for accelerated development to bridge the gaps between them and rest of the social groups since 1974-75 along with special institutions for delivery of public goods and services, the Integrated Tribal Development Agency/Project (ITDA)/ITDP and Tribal Research Institutes (TRIs). A separate Ministry was constituted in the year 1999 for overall policy co-ordination and planning for tribal development and entitlements with responsibility of tribal development assigned to the line Ministries and departments of Central Government and State/UT Governments.
- Improving the quality of life in tribal areas
- Improving the quality of education
- Qualitative and sustainable employment for tribal families
- Bridging infrastructure gaps with focus on quality
- Protection of tribal culture and heritage
It covers all tribal people and all areas with tribal population across the country.
- Strengthening of institutions meant for delivery of goods and services with adequate administrative, technical and financial powers such as Tribal Welfare Departments as nodal Department, Integrated Tribal Development Agency (ITDA), Integrated Tribal Development Projects (ITDPs) and creation of new ones where they do not exist etc.
- Convergence of scattered resources and activities being undertaken under various components.
Component of VKY
- Qualitative & Sustainable Employment.
- Quality Education & Higher Education.
- Accelerated Economic Development of tribal areas.
- Health for all.
- Housing for all.
- Safe Drinking Water for all at doorsteps.
- Irrigation facilities suited to the terrain.
- All Weather Roads with connectivity to the nearby town/cities.
- Universal Availability of Electricity.
- Urban Development.
- Robust institutional mechanism. (ITDAs/ITDPs)
- Promotion and conservation of Tribal Cultural Heritage
- Promotion of Sports in Tribal Areas.
The erstwhile Planning Commission’s Guidelines dated 18th June, 2014, inter alia, stipulates for non-diversion of funds meant for tribal areas and comprehensive monitoring framework with well-defined indicators, provisioning, service delivery standards as well as outcomes. The Guidelines recognizes respective Tribal Welfare Department in the States as the Nodal Department authorized to lead the process of TSP development, and provides that TSP funds should be placed under the control of the Nodal Department. States are required to prepare comprehensive perspective TSP document taking into account all available sources of funding, aiming at appropriate convergence of resources to achieve overall socio-economic development of tribal people.
The Ministry of Tribal Affairs has also issued “Operational Guidelines for Formulation, Implementation and Monitoring of Tribal Sub-Plan and Article 275(1) grants” in the month of March, 2014, where issues related to allocation of funds, priority areas, need for nodal Department in States, judicious utilization of TSP fund, institutionalizing the instruments for ensuring transparency, accountability and social audit have been addressed. The Operational Guidelines have laid special emphasis on strengthening of institutions viz. Integrated Tribal Development Agency (ITDA) / Integrated Tribal Development Project (ITDP), Tribal Research Institutions (TRIs) through which tribal welfare programmes are implemented in the State.
Kindly visit the official website for more details @ http://vky.tribal.nic.in/home.html