National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP)

National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP)

Centrally Sponsored Scheme, the National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) is aimed at providing every person in rural India with adequate safe water for drinking, cooking and other domestic basic needs on a sustainable basis because water is the most basic essential resource for every living being. Safe water is to be readily and conveniently accessible at all times and in all situations and therefore, the scheme focuses on the creation of the infrastructure for safe storage of water. The National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) has resulted in the provision of significant additional resources to the sector and for the development of infrastructure and capacities for the successful operation of drinking water supply schemes in rural areas.

The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation under Government of India which is headed by the Cabinet Minister, Drinking Water & Sanitation is the responsible authority for National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP). It is the Nodal Ministry for the overall policy, planning, funding and coordination of two flagship programmes of the Government of India, namely, the National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) for rural drinking water supply and the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) [SBM (G)] for sanitation in the rural areas of the country.

National Goal

The national goal behind launching the National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) is to provide every rural person with adequate safe water for drinking, cooking and other domestic basic needs on a sustainable basis. This basic requirement should meet minimum water quality standards and be readily and conveniently accessible at all times and in all situations to all rural parts of the country.

National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP)

For more details, one can visit the official website of the National Rural Drinking Water Programme which is indiawater.gov.in.

Vision & Objectives

The vision for the National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) is to provide safe and adequate drinking water for all, at all times, in rural India.

While the objectives are:- In rural areas of the country, to

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a) enable all households have access to and use safe and adequate drinking water and within the reasonable distance;

b) enable communities to monitor and keep surveillance on their drinking water sources;

c) ensure portability, reliability, sustainability, convenience, equity, and consumers prefer to be the guiding principles while planning for a community-based water supply system;

d) provide drinking water facility, especially piped water supply, to Gram Panchayats that have achieved open defecation free status on the priority basis; and,

e) ensure all government schools and anganwadis have access to safe drinking water for all students and teachers.

Strategic Plan (2011-2022)

The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation has prepared a Strategic Plan for the rural drinking water sector for the period 2011 to 2022. The Goals of the Strategic Plan are:

  • To ensure, that every rural person has enough safe water for drinking, cooking and other domestic needs as well as livestock throughout the year including during natural disasters.
  • By 2022, every rural person in the country will have access to 70 lpcd within their household premises or at a horizontal or vertical distance of not more than 50 meters from their household without barriers of social or financial discrimination. Individual States can adopt higher quantity norms, such as 100 lpcd.

Timelines to Achieve the Strategic Plan

To achieve the goals under the strategic plan 2011-2022, the responsible government has targetted these strategies:

  • By 2017, ensure that:-
  1. at least 50% of rural households are provided with piped water supply;
  2. at least 35% of rural households have piped water supply with a household connection;
  3. less than 20% use public taps and less than 45% use handpumps or other safe and adequate private water sources;
  4. all services meet set standards in terms of quality and number of hours of supply every day;
  5. all households, schools, and anganwadis in rural India have access to and use adequate quantity of safe drinking water; and
  6. provide enabling support and environment for Panchayat Raj Institutions and local communities to manage at least 60% of rural drinking water sources and systems.
  • By 2022, ensure that:-
  1. at least 90% of rural households are provided with piped water supply;
  2. at least 80% of rural households have piped water supply with a household connection;
  3. less than 10% use public taps and less than 10% use handpumps or other safe and adequate private water sources; and
  4. provide enabling support and environment for all Panchayat Raj Institutions and local communities to manage 100% of rural drinking water sources and systems.

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