Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Antyodaya Yojana
Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana (DAY) was launched under the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (HUPA) with an aim to uplift the urban poor folks by enhancing sustainable livelihood opportunities through skill development. Keeping in view the objective of Make in India, Skill Development is essential for the socio-economic betterment of the country. The government of India has provisioned Rs.500 crore for the scheme.
The scheme is the integration of the National Urban Livelihoods Mission (NULM) and National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM).
The objectives under the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Antyodaya Yojana is as under:
- To reduce the poverty and vulnerability of the urban poor households by enabling them to access gainful self-employment and skilled wage employment opportunities, which will result in an appreciable improvement in their livelihoods on a sustainable basis, through building strong grassroots level.
- To providing the shelter equipped with essential services to the urban homeless in a phased manner.
- To address the livelihood concern of the urban street vendors by facilitating with suitable space, institutional credit, and social security and skills to the urban street vendor for accessing emerging market opportunities.
Main Highlights of the Scheme
The main highlights of the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Antyodaya Yojana are as follows:
- Employment through Skill Training and Placement – An expenditure of Rs.15, 000 per person is allowed on the training of urban poor which is Rs.18, 000 in North-East and Jammu & Kashmir. Training urban poor to meet the enormous demand from urban citizens by imparting market-oriented skills through City Livelihood Centers.
- Social Mobilization and Institution Development – It will be done through the formation of Self-Help Groups (SHGs) for training members and hand holding, an initial support of 10, 000 is given for each group. The assistance of Rs.50, 000 is provided to Registered Area Level Federations.
- Subsidy to urban poor – An interest subsidy of 5% – 7% for setting up individual micro-enterprises with a loan of up to 2 lakh and for group enterprises with a loan limit of up to Rs.10 lakhs will be imposed.
- Shelters for urban homeless – Cost of construction of shelters for urban homeless is fully funded under this Scheme.
- Other means – Development of vendor markets and also the promotion of skills for the vendors through setting up infrastructure and special projects for the rag picker and differently abled etc will also be done.
Effectiveness of the Scheme
The Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Antyodaya Yojana has proved effective in the below-given ways:
- Ownership and productive involvement of the urban poor and their institutions in all processes.
- Transparency in programme design and implementation, including institution building and capacity strengthening.
- Accountability of government functionaries and the community.
- Partnerships with industry and other stakeholders.
- Community self-reliance, self-dependence, self-help, and mutual help.
Monitoring of the Scheme
The Ministry had developed an online web-based Management Information System (MIS) for the purpose of monitoring the real-time and regular progress of the scheme. MIS was launched on 20 January 2015. It also enables stakeholders such as training providers, certification agencies, banks, resource organizations to feed required information directly which can be accessed by urban local bodies, States, and Ministry of HUPA for monitoring and other purposes and to track the progress.