Ganga Haritima Yojana 2019 [Hariteema] गंगा हरीतिमा योजना जानकारी ! Namami Gange Yojana Details, Benefits 2019-2020. Ganga Haritima Scheme 2019 Details find on this Page..
Ganga Haritima Yojana 2019 [Hariteema] Check Details
The Union Government of India has launched Ganga Haritima Yojana for the development of 1600 villages in Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal situated along the banks of River GANGA. The scheme was launched by the Union Minister of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation named Uma Bharti at Puth village in Hapur district of Uttar Pradesh on 5th January, 2016.
The government has started an initiative called “Ganga Gram” under Namami Gange Programme. Under this scheme, the villages will be developed as model villages by developing sustainable sanitation infrastructure and cleanliness practices with an aim to control pollution flowing into river Ganga. In the very first phase government started the Ganga Gram initiative in total 306 villages of UP.
गंगा हरीतिमा योजना जानकारी 2019
Under this Programme, the government planed to develop the villages located along the main stream of river Ganga which have historic, cultural, religious and tourist importance. Works related to Ganga Grams will encompass comprehensive rural sanitation, development of water bodies and river ghats, construction and modernization of crematoria etc.
The main objectives of developing Ganga Gram (Model Village) are as follows:-
• To make the village open defecation free.
• To abate direct discharge of untreated liquid wastewater from such villages into river Ganga.
•facilitate adequate infrastructure for crematoria.
• To develop proper solid waste disposal facilities in order to avoid any pollution to river Ganga.
• To promote better sanitation practices in the villages through IEC activities.
First Phase of Ganga Haritima Yojana
The first phase of the Ganga Haritima Yojana under Namami Gange Programme included these stages:
- In the first phase, 306 villages have been selected for Ganga Gram initiatives. Within these villages, open drains flowing into river Ganga will be diverted and alternative solutions will be arranged for sewage treatment.
- Every household in targeted villages along Ganga River will be having toilets and water management and waste disposal along the lines of Sichewal village in Punjab. As such, 359 Gram Pradhans from UP, West Bengal, Uttarakhand and Jharkhand have visited Sichewal for first-hand experience, exposure and learning to replicate the same village model in their respective villages.
- In collaboration with Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation, 12,46,539 household toilets have been constructed in 4292 villages of 5 targeted states along the course of river Ganga.
- For conditional assessment and feasibility study of these villages, IIT consortiums were entrusted in 100 identified villages, selected CPSUs in 128 villages and UNDP in 78 villages.
- UNDP has been appointed for rural sanitation initiatives for Ganga Rejuvenation in 78 villages in Sahebganj district of Jharkhand to develop into a model state.
- 65 villages have been adopted by 13 IITs (Indian Institute of Technology) to develop into model villages.
- As part of the initiative, a company of Ganga Task Force Battalion has been deployed at Garhmukteshwar town in UP to ensure that the industries and civilians can not pollute the river. 3 more task forces will be deployed later at Kanpur, Varanasi and Allahabad.
- An inspection programme named Nirikshan Abhiyan was organized at Garhmukteshwar of Hapur district and Anupsahar of Bulandsahar district. In the programme, comprehensive plans for execution along the river Ganga was prepared such as tree plantation, Ghat development, open drain diversion and revival of water body.
- A series of events, workshops, seminars, conferences and IEC activities are conducted for building citizen awareness, increasing public outreach and community participation in the cause of Ganga rejuvenation. Some of these included Ganga Manthan in 2014 and Swacch Ganga-Gramin Sehbhagita in 2015.
Benefits of गंगा हरीतिमा योजना 2019
The Ganga Gram Scheme will help in the process of river Ganga rejuvenation by imposing these benefits:
- By developing the villages along the Ganga as open defecation free.
- By reducing direct discharge of untreated liquid wastewater from such villages into river Ganga.
- facilitating adequate infrastructure for modernized crematoriums.
- By arranging for proper solid waste disposal facilities to avoid polluting river Ganga.
- By promoting better sanitation practices in villages through IEC activities.