Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana
Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana is a Traditional Farming Improvement Programme which has been launched by Government of India to support and promote organic farming and thereby improving soil health and fertility. This will encourage farmers to adopt eco-friendly concept of cultivation and reduce their dependence on fertilizers and agricultural chemicals to improve and make yields better.
Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana Overview
The Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) is an initiative to promote organic farming in the country. It was launched by the NDA government in 2015. As per the actions possessed by the scheme, the farmers will be encouraged to form groups or clusters and take to organic farming methods over large areas in the country. To avail the facilities provided through the scheme, each cluster or group must have 50 farmers willing to take up organic farming under the PKVY and possess a total area of at least 50 acres. Each farmer enrolling in the scheme will be provided 20,000 Rupees by the government per acre spread over three years time. The fund provided by the government can be utilized for obtaining organic seed, harvesting of the crops, and transporting the produced products to the local markets.
The scheme was launched to fulfill following objectives:
- The objective of the scheme is to form 10,000 clusters over the next three years and bring about five lakh acres of agricultural area under organic farming.
- The government also intended to cover the certification costs and promote organic farming through the use of traditional resources for the farming.
- Organic food produced by the methods will be linked with modern marketing tools and local markets.
- The north eastern states of India shall be imposed special focus and the government shall step up efforts to connect the organic produce in these parts with both domestic and export markets.
- A sum of Rs. 412 crores has been allocated by the government to implement the Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana in the financial year 2016-17.
Government has made budgetary allocation of Rs. 300 Crores for the Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana in the Union Budget 2015-16. The Organic Farming Policy 2005 was a sound regulation to promote technically-endowed, economical, environment-friendly, and socially acceptable use of natural resources in favour of organic agriculture. It also laid emphasis on soil health and fertility maintenance in the farming process. Latter was to be carried on by identification of areas and crops which are most suitable for organic agriculture and setting up model organic farms so as to motivate others. This also meant making use of traditional wisdom to promote such practices and making farmers aware of its benefits so that they can carry out farming practices in a better way. Preservation of soil health by employing natural resources like farm manure, poultry manure, urban compost, biogas slurry etc. was the main thrust area under this scheme.
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The PKVY and Cluster Approach
The new scheme launched by the NDA Government, follows cluster approach in implementing the actions. Fifty or more farmers form a cluster having 50 acre land have to take organic farming as their farming practice. Each farmer will be provided with Rs. 20000 per acre in three years for seed to harvest crops and for transportation purposes of the products to market. The government plans to form around 10 thousand clusters in three years and cover an area of 5 Lakh hectares under organic farming. Government also plans to bring certification of organic products produce.