Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram (RKSK)
Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram was launched in the year 2014 with the main components of Peer Education Programme. Peer Educators are selected and trained in six thematic areas of RKSK namely under this scheme, namely- nutrition, sexual reproductive health, substance misuse, non – communicable diseases, mental health, injuries, and violence. The peer educators work as a change agent helping in responding to their queries raised within their groups, to the above mentioned six thematic areas. An amount approximately of Rs.3688 lakhs has been allocated for this scheme in the five-year plan of 2016-17.
Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram (RKSK) Resource Kit
The Saathiya Resource Kit under Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram (RKSK) includes training manuals for ANMs and Peer Educator, activity book and frequently asked questions for Peer Educators and Tools for interactive activities. There is also an application named Saathiya App, which is a mobile-based app, free for download, which has reference material, frequently asked questions based on adolescent health issues pertaining to the six thematic areas.
Apart from Peer Education Programme, the counselors also conduct outreach sessions within the community and ASHA organizes meetings of adolescent girls and boys, where they discuss the common adolescent health issues among youths.
The Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram (RKSK) was launched to fulfill following objectives:
- Improve nutrition
- Reduce the prevalence of malnutrition among adolescent girls and boys (including overweight/obesity).
- Reduce the prevalence of iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) among adolescent girls and boys.
- Enable sexual and reproductive health
- Improve knowledge, attitudes, and behavior, in relation to SRH.
- Reduce teenage pregnancies.
- Improve birth preparedness, complication readiness and provide early parenting support for adolescent parents.
- Enhance mental health
- Address mental health concerns of adolescents.
- Prevent injuries and violence
- Promote favorable attitudes for preventing injuries and violence (including GBV) among adolescents.
- Prevent substance misuse
- Increase adolescents’ awareness of the adverse effects and consequences of substance misuse.
- Address conditions for NCDs
- Promote behavior change in adolescents to prevent NCDs such as cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and strokes.
The strategy is operationalized through six key components that include – Communication (including Social and Behaviour Change Communication for improved health seeking behavior); provision of commodities; provision of services; capacity building; monitoring & evaluation and programme management including supportive supervision.
Target Groups under Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram
The new adolescent health (AH) strategy under Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram (RKSK) focuses on age groups 10-14 years and 15-19 years with universal coverage, i.e. males and females; urban and rural; in school and out of school; married and unmarried, and vulnerable and under-served.
The Ministry of Health & Family Welfare has launched a health programme for adolescents, among the age group of 10-19 years, which would target their nutrition, reproductive health, and substance abuse, among other issues.
Overview of Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram (RKSK)
The Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram was launched successfully on 7th January 2014. The key principle of this programme is adolescent participation and leadership, Equity and inclusion, Gender Equity and strategic partnerships with other sectors and stakeholders which was implemented all over India. It also envisions enabling all adolescents in India to realize their full potential by making informed and responsible decisions related to their health and well being and by accessing the services and support they need to do so.
To guide the implementation of this programme, MOHFW in collaboration with UNFPA has developed a National Adolescent Health Strategy to follow up under the scheme. It realigns the existing clinic-based curative approach to focus on a more holistic model based on a continuum of care for the adolescent health and developmental needs.
The Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram (National Adolescent Health Programme), will comprehensively address the health needs of the 243 million adolescents all over India. It introduces community-based interventions through peer educators and is underpinned by collaborations with other ministries and state governments also.
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