स्वच्छ भारत अभियान 2019 – Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was launched on 2 October 2014 at Rajghat, New Delhi by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was launched on 2 October 2014 at Rajghat, New Delhi by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi. It is India’s largest cleanliness drive with including 3 million government employees, school students, and college students from all parts of India participating in 4,041 statutory cities, towns and associated rural areas all over India.
The mission consists of two sub-missions: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (“Gramin” or rural), which operates under the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation; while Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Urban), which operates under the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs. The mission includes ambassadors and activities such as national real-time monitoring and updates from non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and different authorities that are working towards its ideas of cleanliness of India.
- Prime Minister Employment Generation Programme
- INSPIRE Programme Fellowship/ Scholarship
- Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana
- UP Kanya Vidya Dhan Yojana
Aims and Objectives
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan also known as Swachh Bharat Mission or Clean India Mission in English is a campaign in India that contains the aims to clean up the streets, roads and infrastructure of Indian cities, smaller towns, and rural areas all over in order to avoid infections and make India helathier.
The objectives of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan includes eliminating open defecation through the construction of household-owned and community-owned toilets and establishing an accountable mechanism for in different regions monitoring toilet use. The scheme run by the Government of India. The mission aims to achieve an Open-Defecation Free (ODF) India in five years dated by 2 October 2019 which is also the 150th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi, by constructing 12 million toilets in rural India at a projected cost of ₹1.96 lacs crores.
The performance of each city or region evaluated on five key thematic parameters, these are:
- Municipal solid waste – These include sweeping, collection and transportation.
- Municipal solid waste – These include processing and disposal of solid waste.
- Open defecation free/toilets everywhere.
- Capacity building and eLearning.
- Provision of public and community toilet seats.
- Information, education and communication, and behavior change.
Concerning the needs of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, the Ministry of Railways is planning to have the facility of cleaning on demand, clean bed-rolls from automatic laundries, bio-toilets, dustbins in all non-AC coaches of all trains. The Centre may use its Digital India project in conjunction with the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan to have solar-powered trash cans, such as those in many US cities, which send alerts to sanitation crew once they are full due to the advancement and innovation of the project.
The Government has also appointed PWD in every region or area with the responsibility to dispose off waste from Government offices.
The programme has also received funds and technical support from major sponsors. like the World Bank, corporations as part of corporate social responsibility initiatives. by state governments under the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan schemes.
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was expected to cost over ₹620 billion. Out of the total amount the government provides an incentive of ₹15,000 for each toilet constructed by a BPL family. Total fund mobilized under Swachh Bharat Kosh as of 31 January 2016 stood at ₹3.69 billion. An amount of ₹90 billion was allocated for the mission in the 2016 Union budget of India.
Government and the International Monetary Fund signed a US$1.5 billion loan agreement on 30 March 2016 for the Swachh Bharat Mission to support India’s universal sanitation initiative. The International Monetary Funds will also provide a parallel $25 million in technical assistance to build the capacity of select states in implementing community-led behavioral change programmes targeting social norms to help ensure widespread usage of toilets by rural households.