Urja Ganga Gas Pipeline Project- Overview & Objectives

Urja Ganga Gas Pipeline Project

Urja Ganga Gas Pipeline Project, launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi seems on course to achieve the target of meeting the energy requirements of 40 districts and 2,600 villages across five eastern states of India by December 2020. After steady progress in Section 1 of the project — which was between Phulpur and Dobhi with spur lines to Varanasi, Gorakhpur, Patna and Barauni — construction work on sections 2 and 3 is expected to commence by December this year. The project was launched in October 2016 to supply gas to Uttar Pradesh (UP), Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha and West Bengal, the 2,539-km-long pipeline project, also known as the Jagdishpur-Haldia/Bokaro-Dhamra Pipeline (JHBDPL), is estimated to cost around Rs 12,940 crore.

Urja Ganga Project would create enabling infrastructure for city gas distribution (CGD) in seven cities which include — Varanasi, Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Kolkata, Patna, Ranchi and Jamshedpur. It would also revive three large fertilizer units at Gorakhpur (UP), Barauni (Bihar) and Sindri (Jharkhand) and help industrialize at least 20 cities, which would uplift the condition of some areas of the country. It’s another objective was for meeting the gas requirements of the Talcher fertilizer unit in Odisha.


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Objectives

The project was launched in order to complete following objectives:

  • The scheme was directed to provide piped cooking gas to the households of Varanasi within next two years and to millions others in neighbor states after one more year.
  • The government also planned to create 25 industrial clusters in these states which can utilize the gas as fuel and generate employment in these areas.
  • To meet the gas requirements of the Talcher fertilizer unit in Odisha.

Key Facts

The project holds these key facts:

  • The project is being implemented by state-run gas utility GAIL which envisages laying a 2,050-km pipeline connecting Jagdishpur (UP) to Haldia (West Bengal) by 2018.
  • From Varanasi’s perspective, 50,000 households and 20,000 vehicles will get cleaner and cheaper fuel like PNG and CNG gas respectively.
  • The project is considered as a major step towards collective growth and development of the Eastern region of India and Under which overall 20 lakh households will get PNG connections.
  • The Urja Ganga project also augments existing GAIL’s network of trunk pipelines covering the length of around 11,000 kilometers by 2540 kilometers.
  • Under this project work on 2540-km long Jagdishpur-Haldia and Bokaro-Dhamra Natural Gas pipeline project will begin and will be completed between 2018 and 2020.
  • Seven East India cities including Varanasi, Jamshedpur, Patna, Ranchi, Kolkata, Bhubaneswar, Cuttack – will be the major beneficiary of this network development.
  • LNG terminal at Dhamra will provide clean fuel to the Industrial Development of the Eastern states of Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar, West Bengal and Odisha.
  • 25 industrial clusters in these 5 states will be developed using gas from this pipeline project. Besides, 40 districts and 2600 villages will get benefits from this project.
  • It will also help in revival of defunct fertilizer plants in Barauni in Bihar, Gorakhpur in UP, Sindri in Jharkhand and Durgapur in West Bengal by supplying gas to them.

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